VIDEO INTERVIEWS: #NGD Bites

We have interviewed some of the Next Generation Democracy (NGD) experts about their views and findings on democratic trends in different regions of the world. In this gallery, you will find brief videos with some highlights from their thoughts, what we call NGD Bites.
  • Sabine Donner, Bertelsmann Stiftung
    • Sabine Donner, Bertelsmann Stiftung

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  • Mohammed Abdirizak, Somali One
    • Mohammed Abdirizak, Somali One

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  • Radha Kumar, Delhi Policy Group
    • Radha Kumar, Delhi Policy Group

    • Watch Video

  • Niranjan Sahoo, Observer Research Foundation
    • Niranjan Sahoo, Observer Research Foundation

    • Watch Video

  • Larry Diamond, Stanford Univeristy
    • Larry Diamond, Stanford Univeristy

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  • Jan Teorell, V-Dem Varieties of Democracy
    • Jan Teorell, V-Dem Varieties of Democracy

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  • Jennifer McCoy, The Carter Center
    • Jennifer McCoy, The Carter Center

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  • Gerardo Noto, UNDP
    • Gerardo Noto, UNDP

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  • Ismail Serageldin, Library of Alenxandria and NGIC
    • Ismail Serageldin, Library of Alenxandria and NGIC

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  • Emna Jeblaoui, UNDP
    • Emna Jeblaoui, UNDP

    • Watch Video

NGD facilitates a discussion on the state and future of democracy in order to formulate both regional agendas and a global agenda, to reverse disquieting trends and advance democracy worldwide. The project progressively offers a comprehensive analysis of regional dynamics in democratic governance, a projection of relevant trends, and a compilation of transformative practices and transformative ideas to be discussed in a series of policy dialogues as well as through on-line exchanges. This will help generate collective responses, rather than fragmented and independent actions, and shape consensus around shared, forward-looking, action-oriented agendas.

The complete video interviews are in the following links:

 

Sabine_Donner_NGDBites    Sabine Donner, Senior Project Manager, Bertelsmann Stiftung

 

 

 

 

Niranjan_Sahoo_NGDBites  Niranjan Sahoo, Senior Fellow, Observer Research Foundation

 

 

 

 

Larry_DIamond_NGDBites  Larry Diamond, Director, Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law, Stanford University

 

 

 

 

Jennifer_McCoy_NGDBItes  Jennifer McCoy, Director, Americas Program, The Carter Center 

 

 

 

 

Jan_Teorell_NGDBItes  Jan Teorell, Principal Investigator, V-Dem Varieties of Democracy

 

 

 

 

Emna_Jeblaoui_NGDBItes  Emna Jeblaoui, UNDP

 

 

 

 

Gerardo_Noto_NGDBItes  Gerardo Noto, Team Leader, Democratic Governance, UNDP

 

 

 

 

Radha_Kumar_NGDBites  Radha Kumar, Director-General, Delhi Policy Group

 

 

 

 

Mohamed_Abdirizak_NGDBites  Mohammed Abdirizak, Founder, Somali One

 

 

 

 

Ismail_Serageldin_NGDBItes  Ismail Serageldin, Director, Library of Alexandria

 

 

 

 

 

PUBLICATION: Next Generation Democracy Looking Forward

Between the 23rd and the 25th of November 2014, under the framework of the Next Generation Democracy Project (NGD), the Club de Madrid and the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights (RFK Center) partnered to facilitate a policy dialogue -“Democracy and Human Rights in Decline? A Call to Action”- hosted by the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Forty Club de Madrid Members and 100 renowned experts on democracy from academia, international organizations, think tanks, the private sector and civil society jointly assessed the quality and state of democracy around the world and discussed transformative ideas and practices that could contribute to preventing its decline.

 

The policy dialogue launched the NGD Project, a Club de Madrid-led, two-year, multi-stakeholder process that will progressively identify key elements and develop both regional and global action-oriented agendas aimed at advancing democracy. The Bertelsmann Stiftung, one of our main NGD partners, drafted preliminary regional reports on recent trends and prospects in democratic development. These were then reviewed and enriched by NGD regional partners including the Atlantic Council, Observer Research Foundation , FRIDE, Carnegie Middle-East Center, FLACSO network in Latin America and the Institute for Security Studies.

 

Working group discussions and plenary sessions during the policy dialogue offered additional elements relevant to a diagnosis of the current state and the future of democracy and have been compiled in the following report:

Conclusions form the Policy Dialogue “Democracy and Human Rights in Decline? A Call to Action

 

See the Flickr Photo Gallery of the Policy Dialogue at https://www.flickr.com/photos/clubdemadrid/

E-Book: Conference “Democracy and Human Rights in Decline? A call for action

Democracy and Human Rights in Decline? A Call to Action,” is a Policy Dialogue co-organized by the Club de Madrid (CdM) and the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights (RFK Center), and hosted by the European University Institute (EUI) taking place November 24-25, 2014 in Florence, Italy. The conference will serve as the launch of the two-year multi-stakeholder Next Generation Democracy (NGD) Project.

For more information about the confence, download the E-Book here

Visit the Event website

OP-ED: “Why we can not fully celebrate” by Club de Madrid about the quality of democracy

Today the world is celebrating the International Day of Democracy. On this special occasion Vaira Vike-Freiberga, President of the Club de Madrid and former President of Latvia, has signed an Op-Ed on behalf of the 97 Members of the Club de Madrid expressing their concern about the state and quality of Democracy worldwide. The Op-Ed has been published by spanish leading newspaper El País.

 

WHY WE CAN’T FULLY CELEBRATE 

Members of the Club de Madrid express concern on International Democracy Day

The spread of democracy around the world has undoubtedly been one of the major political achievements of the 20th century. The 2011 uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt seemed to herald yet another wave of democratic transitions, political freedom and economic prosperity in regions that for decades have been plagued with unrelenting authoritarian rule, repression and corruption. Expectations of swift and wide-ranging transitions have, however, been mostly frustrated. Once again in 2014, Freedom House highlights alarming setbacks rather than advancement in political rights and civil liberties in most transitional regimes.

Even though the numbers of those voting in 2014 have been greater than ever before, analysts observe that “democracy appears to be in a holding pattern around the world—if not outright retreat.”[1] Elections, although essential, are only a tool for the implementation of democracy. According to the UN General Assembly resolution that established the International Day of Democracy that we celebrate today, democracy is a system based on the “freely-expressed will of people to determine their own political, economic, social and cultural systems, and their full participation in all aspects of life.”[2] People today want to express their will broadly and deeply, in ‘…all aspects of life…’, not just with a ballot every four or five years. Representative democracy is not keeping up with the growing demand for direct participation, and the result is growing disaffection.

That ‘fourth wave of democracy’ thought to have been set off by the Arab Spring has been followed by an intricate web of dramatic conflicts in and around Syria; mounting tensions in Wider Europe flowing from Russia’s actions in Ukraine; and the continuing muzzling of on and offline citizen voices from Latin America to the Middle East, among others. The world seems to be lurching from one crisis to another and, while there are encouraging developments in Myanmar, Indonesia, Colombia, Tunisia, and parts of sub-Saharan Africa, global trends are nevertheless far from propitious. New and often subtle forms of populism and authoritarian behavior are appearing in a variety of countries, irrespective of past democratic credentials. The resurgence of terrorism from certain groups of Islamic fundamentalists will not only continue to taint foreign policy, it could again result in a further weakening of individual rights and democratic values as governments struggle with tensions between liberty and security.

If these disquieting trends continue to deteriorate, the future of democracy will soon be in real jeopardy. Political stress is being exacerbated by growing inequality within nations, even in the face of significant poverty reduction globally. The expansion of middle classes beyond ‘Western industrialized countries’ has broadened access to education and technology for hundreds of millions in emerging regions of the world, rapidly expanding the needs and expectations of newly empowered citizens and putting insurmountable pressure on slimming public institutions. On the one hand, new pro-democratic movements, often led by the youngest generations of citizens, are intensively using social media and communication technologies all over the world in order to generate values for a truly global democracy. On the other hand, the economic crisis that began in 2008 has created additional strains, particularly in consolidated democracies, where long-established middle classes are experiencing a sharp decline in living standards. The expectations of citizens for a better future are being thwarted at such a pace that democratic institutions may not be able to cope.

Democratic economic governance is a relatively new concept. Even if, for many, democracy only has a political facet, economic policies are at the heart of today´s governance and cannot be shielded from claims for greater participation. Inclusive access to the market economy is central to the future of democracy. The progressive decoupling of democracy and capitalism entails rethinking capitalism in democracy. Democratic countries need to show that they can be no less efficient in creating conditions for all citizens to live a decent life than those nondemocratic states where the market economy has already taken root.

Democracy is today facing another, apparently ‘external’, danger. Contemporary democracy needs not only continue to be sustainable as the best form of governance, but must also secure a sustainable planet for the sake of future generations. Here again, the electoral cycle induces short-termism precisely when lasting commitments are desperately needed. A long-term, global, economic and social deal is essential if our soil and air are to continue being suitable for humankind to exist.

The progressive fragmentation of decision-making (a consequence and defining feature of modern, multi-level democracy) is making effective responses more difficult, in spite of increasingly well-informed leaders and societies. While the crisis in democracy is manifesting itself differently in different regions of the world, commonalities among regions have never been more apparent. People are hungry for mobility, interaction and participation, within and beyond national borders, but defensive identities are often leading to exclusion and radicalization. There is no law of the pendulum in sight, but rather the unfolding of simultaneous and contradictory processes.

As Members of the Club de Madrid, we are convinced that democratic governance is the answer. Governance determines our lives as individuals and members of our community and organizes the use of resources and the economy in general. Governance must therefore generate collaboration across sectors in order to protect our rights and provide for the preservation of ecosystems while creating business opportunities for all. We are convinced that no form of governance but democratic governance can effectively deal with such multifaceted challenge in an inclusive manner.

During the coming months, the Club de Madrid, with various partners and stakeholders from different regions of the world, will be leading a collaborative and participatory Next Generation Democracy (NGD) project aimed at reversing signals of decline and advancing democracy. On the basis of a thoughtful analysis of trends in democratic development from 2000 to 2015 and projections towards 2030, we will develop regional and global agendas compiling emerging values and innovative practices and ideas on democracy.

No pessimistic diagnosis will discourage democratic thinking and action. Let us today cautiously celebrate democracy, recognizing that much remains to be done and all contributions are welcome. As this year´s Day of Democracy highlights, our common endeavor cannot be fulfilled without actively engaging young people as future but also current leaders of democracy.

 

Vaira Vike-Freiberga, former President of Latvia, on behalf of the 97 democratic, former Presidents and Prime Ministers, Members of the Club de Madrid



[1] Uri Friedman, “Report: Global Freedom Has Been Declining for Nearly a Decade,” The Atlantic, January 23, 2014.

[2] Preamble, UNGA Res. A/62/7 (2007).

 

Read here the spanish version of this Op-Ed

Monday 24th: Join the live broadcast of the ‘Democracy and Human Rights in Decline?’ policy dialogue

The Club de Madrid and the RFK Center, with the Bertelsmann Stiftung as knowledge partner, are organizing this policy dialogue on the quality of democracy in Florence from the 23rd to the 25th of November. The aim: finding innovative ideas to foster democracy worldwide all over the world and revert the signs of the system’s decline. The plenary sessions will be live streammed in our website, starting on Monday 24tth

Every session from the Policy dialogue will also be tweeted by the following accounts: @CLUBdeMADRID, @RFKCenter and @RFKEurope and the hashtag to follow the disccussions will be #NGD.

The webstreaming will start on Monday 24th  at 13.00 CET with the plenary session ‘Setting the Scene-The State of Democracy’.

Have a look here to the list of confirmed participants (As of 18th of November) and the detailed program

General strcuture of the policy dialogue:

 

Sunday 23rd

20.15 Journalist accraditation Robert F. Kennedy International House di Firenze, Via Ghibelina 12/A

21.00: Inaugural Dinner, “The future of democratic governance”.

Welcome remarks by:

Romano Prodi: former Prime Minister of Italy and Club de Madrid Member

Vaira Vike-Freiberga: President of the Club de Madrid and former President of Latvia

Dario Nardella: Mayor of Florence

Keynote speech:

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

 

Due to severe room limitations media will have to be previously accredited. Accreditations will be granted  in a first to come basis with a very restricted number of journalist

 

Monday 24th

12.00 Journalist accreditation

12.45 Press Conference at the European University Institute, Badia Fiesolona. Via Roccettini 9, San Domenico di Fiesole-Florence. Precise room to be confirmed

Speakers:

Vaira Vike Freiberga: President of the Club de Madrid and former President of Latvia

Jorge Fernando Quiroga: VP of the Club de Madrid and former President of Bolivia

Santiago Cantón: Executive Director, Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights

Joseph Weiler: President of the European University Institute

 

13.15-15.30 Plenary sessions: “Setting the Scene-The State of Democracy” y “Next Generation Democracy-What, Why and How” Sala Reffetorio (live streaming)

 

From Monday 24th at 15.30 to Tuesday 25th at 12.00, five regional working groups on five regions Sub-Saharan Africa, Americas, Asia-Oceania, Wider Europe and Post Soviet Eurasia and Broader MENA will analyze the following subjects:

– Diagnosis: Projecting 2000-2015 democratic trends into 2015-2030

– Advancing Democratic Values and Transforming Institutions

– Advancing Democratic Policies and Management

– Advancing Access and Inclusiveness in Democracy

Tuesday 25th

12.00-13.30 Special Plenary Session (Live streaming)

Democracy, Human Rights and Foreign Policy, designed by the RFK Center for Justice and Human Rights

15.15-17.00 Plenary Session (Live streaming)

Next Generation Democracy for a Sustainable Future. Sponsored by Partnership for Change (PfC)

18.30-19.00 Closing Remarks (Live streaming)

 

Club de Madrid Members, (former democratically elected Presidents and PM’s); Vaira Vike-Freiberga (Latvia), Jorge Fernando Quiroga (Bolivia) Kjell M. Bondevik (Norway); Felipe Calderón (Mexico); Kim Campbell (Canada); Ricardo Lagos (Chile); John Kufuor (Ghana); Sadiq al Mahdi (Sudan); Olesegun Obasanjo (Nigeria);  George Papandreu (Greece)Roza Otunbayeva (Kyrgyzstan) or Jigme Yoser Tingley (Buthan) among others

ExpertsLarry Diamond from Stanford University and Professor JHH Weiler, President of the EUI; Roelf Meyer (former South African minister under F. W. De Klerk and Nelson Mandela and key facilitator of South Africa’s transition to democracy); Beatriz Merino (former Prime Minister of Peru); entrepreneurs and philanthropists like Mo Ibrahim and Steve Killelea, President of the Institute for Economics and PeaceGiovani Grevi (FRIDE), Ismael Serageldin, Director of the Library of Alexandria

International organizations: Bertelsmann Stiftung, UN, OECD, SEGIB, Community of Democracies, Human Rights Watch, OXFAM, Partnership for Change, The Carter Center, IDEA, FLACSO, Carnegie Middle East Center, Microsoft, Acxiom, Library of Alexandria.

If you are interested in covering the 2014 Policy Dialogue or wish to request one to one interviews please visithttp://www.clubmadrid.org/en/programa/policy_dialogue_2014 and fill in the accreditation form in the Press Room Section.

Club de Madrid, Media Contacts:

Luis Pérez: +34 607 694 354 // + 34 91 154 82 38 lperez@clubmadrid.org

Susana Mañueco: + 34 626 20 93 30 // + 34 154 82 36 smanueco@clubmadrid.org

 

RFKC Media Contacts: Europe: Valeria D’Agostino: + 39 055 5389250 // + 39 349 2210113 europepress@rfkcenter.org, Jim Santel (US)

Mogherini, to participate in the CdM/RFK Center Policy Dialogue ‘Democracy and Human Rights in Decline?’

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, will participate in the ‘Democracy and Human Rights in Decline? A Call to Action’ Policy Dialogue on the 23rd of November. She will open the floor of the inaugural session ‘The Future of Democratic Governance’ with a keynote speech. Forty Club de Madrid Members and 100 renowned experts on democracy will analyze the quality of democracy during the three days event in Florence

Is democracy losing ground? Is it failing to protect human rights? Forty Club de Madrid members and 100 renowned experts on democracy from academia, multilateral and multi government organizations, think tanks, the private sector, and civil society will address these challenging questions and develop transformative ideas to foster democracy around the world

Democracy and Human Rights in Decline? A Call to Action is co-organized by the Club de Madrid and the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights and hosted by the European University Institute. Click here to see the program and preliminary list of participants

The main sponsors of the Policy dialogue are Humanity United, an organization dedicated to building peace and advancing human freedom, and the Alan B. Slifka Foundation, devoted to social change philanthropy

Federica Mogherini High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, will open the ‘Democracy and Human Rights in Decline? A Call to Action’ Policy Dialogue on the 23rd of November with a keynote speech on ‘The Future of Democratic Governance’. Romano Prodi, Club de Madrid Member and former Prime Minister of Italy, will also participate in the inaugural session (and also during the rest of the gathering) with a reflection on the global and regional democratic trends and the relationship between democracy and economy. Dario Nardella, mayor of Florence, will welcome the participants to the Dialogue and to the city.

Vaira Vike-Freiberga, President of the Club de Madrid, Kerry Kennedy, President of the RFK Center For Justice and Human Rights, and Brigid Laffan, Director of the Global Governance Program at the European University Institute, will kick off the debates on the present, the future and the quality of democracy. Forty Club de Madrid members from every continent including, Kjell M. Bondevik (Norway); Felipe Calderón (Mexico); Kim Campbell (Canada); Felipe González (Spain); Ricardo Lagos (Chile); Chandrika Kumaratunga (Sri Lanka); Sadiq al Mahdi (Sudan); Olesegun Obasanjo (Nigeria); Roza Otunbayeva (Kyrgyzstan) or Jigme Yoser Tingley (Buthan) will be joined by 100 high level experts in order to initiate the drafting of transformative democratic agendas and action orientated proposals to foster democracy in this challenging times.

Renowned international experts and practitioners, such as Larry Diamond from Stanford University and Professor JHH Weiler, President of the EUI; Roelf Meyer (former South African minister under F. W. De Klerk and Nelson Mandela and key facilitator of South Africa’s transition to democracy); Beatriz Merino (former Prime Minister of Peru); entrepreneurs and philanthropists like Mo Ibrahim and Steve Killelea or the Slifka Foundation; multi-government and multilateral institutions, (UN, OECD, SEGIB, Community of Democracies); human rights organizations (Human Rights Watch); civil society (OXFAM, Partnership for Change); academia (Berstelman Stiftung, IDEA, FLACSO, Carnegie Endowment); and the private sector (Microsoft) will all be represented.

This two-day gathering is not structured as a ‘typical’ conference: it will forego long speeches in favour of small-group dialogues that will serve to launch the 18-month multi-stakeholder Next Generation Project: a Club de Madrid-led response to signals of democratic decline in all regions of the world. The program is structured in few Plenary Sessions and several breakout time slots with different, regionally based ‘working groups’ where Club de Madrid Members, participating scholars and expert practitioners will engage in open, dynamic exchange of ideas.

‘Democracy and Human Rights in Decline?’, new ideas for the Next Generation Democracy

The Club de Madrid and the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights (RFK Center) have partnered to facilitate a discussion on the quality and the future of democracy. The meeting, to be hosted by the European University Institute in Florence on the 24th-25th of November, will bring together 40 Club de Madrid Members plus another 100 high level experts on democracy

With political disaffection and social unrest increasing around the world, the Policy Dialogue ‘Democracy and Human Rights in Decline? A Call to Action’ will identify action-orientated proposals to foster democracy in this challenging time. Plenary sessions will be broadcasted through the Club de Madrid website. Click here to see the program and preliminary list of participants

The Policy Dialogue, hosted by the European University Institute, will be a unique political, academic and civil society leaders gathering aimed at producing an analysis of the trends that have impacted democracy in the last 15 years; the signals of decline apparent across the world; and of how to reverse them. The Policy Dialogue will mark the beginning of a process aimed at producing new “democratic action agendas” for various regions of the world and thus improve the quality of the Next Generation’s Democracy around the globe.

Forty Club de Madrid Members (all of them democratically elected former Presidents and Prime Ministers) will provide the political insight. With kick-off contributions from the Club’s President, Vaira Vike-Freiberga, (Latvia) and the RKF Center’s President, Kerry Kennedy, the confirmed lineup will include, among many others, leaders from Europe such as Romano Prodi (Italy); Kjell Magne Bondevik (Norway); Tarja Halonen (Finland); Felipe González (Spain); Ruud Lubbers (Netherlands); and Boris Tadic (Serbia).  African representatives include Abdul-Kareem Al Eryani (Yemen); Sadiq Al Mahdi (Sudan) Olusegun Obasanjo (Nigeria); and Cassam Uteem (Mauritius). From the Americas: Kim Campbell (Canada); Felipe Calderón (Mexico); Ricardo Lagos (Chile) and Andrés Pastrana (Colombia); and from Asia, Chandrika Kumaratunga (Sri Lanka) and Roza Otunbayeva (Kyrgyzstan).

International experts and practitioners, such as Larry Diamond from Stanford University; Roelf Meyer (former South African Minister under De Klerk and Mandela’s governments and key facilitator of South-African transition to democracy); Beatriz Merino (former Prime Minister of Peru) or Ismail Serageldin, co-chair of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center and Director of the Library of Alexandria; entrepreneurs and philanthropists like Mo Ibrahim and Steve Killelea or the Slifka Foundation; multi-government and multilateral institutions, (UN, OECD, SEGIB, Community of Democracies); human rights organizations (Human Rights Watch); civil society (OXFAM, Partnership for Change); academia (Berstelman Stiftung, IDEA, FLACSO, Carnegie Endowment); and the private sector (Microsoft) will all be well represented in the conference.

Structure

The Policy Dialogue will be organized in plenary and break-out sessions. During the first day, working groups will review regional dynamics and main threats to democracy in different regions and propose possible responses. On the second day, participants will share the results of initial analyses, identify commonalities and differences among regions, and define the initial elements of NGD global and regional agenda.

 If you are interested in covering the 2014 Policy Dialogue or wish to request one to one interviews please visit http://www.clubmadrid.org/en/programa/policy_dialogue_2014 and fill in the accreditation form in the Press Room Section.